Described by its inhabitants as being a flat, brown land, the nation of Australia actually boasts more than it lets on. Dozens of landmarks, unique wildlife, and varying climates offer tourists a journey well worth experiencing.
Most visitors, with the exception of neighboring New Zealanders and a few select nations, are required to apply for a full visa to enter Australia. Air travel is the main means of transport to the country, comprising of the continent of Australia and several smaller surrounding islands. Much of the so-called ‘tourist sites’ are located within the periphery of the country, with a vast desert and desert-like ‘Outback’ climate taking up much of the middle of the mainland.
Aside from the arid desert climate making up much of the middle-western part of the country, Australia’s weather also includes a tropical region in the North and a temperate region near New South Wales, Victoria and the island of Tasmania. Other coastal regions in the country experience a subtropical climate tempered by the nearby sea. Being located in the Southern Hemisphere, travelers from North America and Europe should expect opposite seasons from their own at the time of arrival in the country.
While Sydney, Brisbane, and Melbourne host many tourist areas and landmarks such as the famed Sydney Opera House and Federation Square, many visitors to the country enjoy excursions to see such wildlife as the koala and kangaroo, animals found only in Australia. Natural landscapes also are big attractions, including the famed Great Barrier Reef, the largest reef system in the world, located just off the coast of Queensland state. It is best to determine the type of trip preferred before making travel plans.